Who Is Satan?

The identity of Satan is given mainly in two places in the Bible. They are Ezekiel 28:11-20 and Isaiah 14:12-20. Some say that the Ezekiel passage refers to the earthly king ofTyrebecause that is the phrase that is used in verse 11. However, if you continue on in that passage it definitely does not refer to an earthly ruler, but rather someone who was in heaven.

It is from these two passages that we can understand who Satan is and what we need to understand about Him. This article is only a summary of what these passages say about Him.

His Original Name Was Lucifer

His original name was Lucifer. This is the name that is used for him in Isaiah 14:12 (NKJV): “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations!”

The word Lucifer comes from the Hebrew word “helel” or “heylel” that means brightness and is often translated as “the morning star” as the NIV translates it. The root of this word means “giving off of light by celestial bodies.”

He is then called “the son of the morning” or “the son of the dawn” as the NIV translates it.

The Most Beautiful Angel in Heaven

Ezekiel 28:12 (NIV) says: “You were the model of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.” There was no angel that was more beautiful than him.

The next verse tries to give us an idea of just how beautiful he was. Ezekiel 28:13 (NIV): “every precious stone adorned you: ruby, topaz and emerald, chrysolite, onyx and jasper, sapphire, turquoise and beryl. Your settings and mountings were made of gold; on the day you were created they were prepared.”

Don’t try to imagine an angel that was covered with all these precious stones. But try to picture how magnificent the sight of all these stones would be to you. Then you can get an idea of the beauty that Lucifer had.

He Was A Guardian Cherub

Ezekiel 28:14 (NIV) says: “You were anointed as a guardian cherub, for so I ordained you. You were on the holy mount of God; you walked among the fiery stones.”

The Cherubim were the angels that stayed the closest to the throne of God. In fact, when Moses made theArkof the Testimony, he was instructed to make a “mercy seat of pure gold” to place on top of it. This mercy seat represented the throne of God. Then he was instructed to put a cherub on each side of the mercy seat.

Lucifer was created as a guardian cherub, an angel that was always the closest to God. He had full access to God and His wisdom. In fact Ezekiel 28:12 says that he “was full of wisdom.” This implies that he was one of, if not the wisest angel in heaven.

Lucifer Rebelled Against God

Ezekiel 28:15 (NIV) says: “You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created till wickedness was found in you.” Here was an angel that was created as a perfect being. He was beautiful, full of truth, without blemish, perfect in every way, yet he still rebelled against his creator.

I cannot understand how he could have done this. Yet the Bible says that wickedness (iniquity, evil, unrighteousness) was found in him. To understand what happened, we need to look at Isaiah 14:13-14 (NIV): “You said in your heart, ‘I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.’”

Here, we see what happened to Lucifer. He felt that he was so perfect that he was equal with God Almighty. It was pride that turned Lucifer against his creator.

Lucifer Was Cast Out of Heaven

Here he was, surrounded by the best that there ever was and he rejected it all because he thought he was equal with God. God had no choice but to cast him out of heaven. Because of his rebellion, Lucifer (now Satan) would have to exist forever outside the presence of God.

However, he was temporarily given a reprieve from his final destination. The Bible tells us that he is now on the earth. 1 Peter 5:8 (NIV): “Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour.” He is our enemy. He is so mad at God that he wants to destroy God’s greatest creation, the human race.

And when he was cast out of heaven, he did not leave alone. It seems that he had a large following in heaven. Rev. 12:3-4 tells us that a third of the angels were cast out with him. These all became the demons that now tempt us to rebel against God.

Satan’s Destiny

So, instead of existing in heaven, surrounded by the beauty of God and His creation, his eternal destination will be outside the presence of God. Isaiah 14:15 (NKJV) says: “Yet you shall be brought down to Sheol, to the lowest depths of the Pit.”

“Sheol” is a Hebrew word that means “the place of the dead” or what we call “hell.” It refers to a place where God is not present.

God tries to explain to us how terrible this place is because it is the same place that any of His creation will go if they rebel against Him. This includes humans that refuse to accept Him and His way of living.

Rev. 20:10 (NIV) says: “And the devil (Satan), who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever.” Can you imagine anything worse than being in a lake of burning sulfur and not being able to die? This is Satan final dwelling place.

Our Destiny

But it is not only Satan’s final dwelling place, but also everyone’s whose name was not found in the Book of Life. Rev. 20:14-15 (NIV): “Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death. If anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.”

What is this Book of Life? It is the book where everyone who desires to live as God created them to live has their name written. And Who are these people? Read my article on “Who Will Be In Heaven” and you will find out.


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